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Any information in the form of:

  • statements from the adult, alleged abuser(s) or other witnesses
  • documents
  • pictures
  • visual
  • records

which enable a conclusion to be made about the truth of an allegation.

In the case of a criminal investigation the evidence presented to a court would need to establish ‘beyond reasonable doubt’ that the crime has been committed before a conviction could be made.

Where there are disciplinary or civil proceedings the evidence needs to demonstrate that the allegation is demonstrated ‘on the balance of probability’.

In assessments and enquiries by social care and health staff, professional judgements will also be made on the basis of the balance of probability as it is on this basis that future challenges might ultimately be determined either through a complaints process or through application to a court.

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